• statistics are available from 1981 onwards

  • released 13 months after the end of the reference period, after the release of death registration data for each country

  • based on death registrations, rather than occurrences, to be consistent with other mortality outputs

  • data used comes from our death registrations database, National Records of Scotland and the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency

This output gives age standardised suicide rates per 100,000 population and numbers of suicides for the UK, England and Wales, England, Wales and regions in England from 1981. They are standardised using the European Standard Population to make sure comparisons can be made between different areas over time.

Data for suicide rates in the UK is created using information supplied when a death is registered. All deaths are coded according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), which is produced by the World Health Organisation. We have collated death certificates and the ICD codes since 1993, which has made it possible to identify death certificates that meet the National Statistics definition of suicide, even if they are not coded.

Suicide statistics are an indicator of mental health and are important for monitoring trends in deaths resulting from intentional self harm. They are used to inform policy, planning and research in public and private sectors and they allow policy makers and support services to aim their resources more effectively. Main users are the Department of Health and other developed health administrations, public health observatories, local and health authorities, academics and charity organisations.

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